Monthly Archives: April 2014

Substrate factors that influence the synergistic interaction of AA9 and cellulases during the enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass

By Jinguang Hu Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, Accepted ManuscriptDOI: 10.1039/C4EE00891J, PaperJinguang Hu, Valdeir Arantes, Amadeus Pribowo, Keith Gourlay, Jack SaddlerThe polysaccharide monoxygenase enzyme AA9 (formerly known as GH61) was shown to interact synergistically with cellulases to enhance the enzymatic hydrolysis of a range of "commercially-relevant" pretreated and "model" cellulosic...The content of this RSS more

Source: RSC


Boxer questions TSA about San Jose stowaway

A few weeks before a 15-year-old boy stowed away in the wheel well of a flight from California to Hawaii, the U.S. Transportation Security Administration conducted a review of San Jose's airport and found its perimeter to be in compliance with the agency's security requirements. more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Physicists discover how to change the crystal structure of graphene

A University of Arizona-led team of physicists has discovered how to change the crystal structure of graphene, more commonly known as pencil lead, with an electric field, an important step toward the possible use of graphene in microprocessors that would be smaller and faster than current, silicon-based technology. more



Cutting cancer to pieces: New research on bleomycin

A variety of cancers are treated with the anti-tumor agent bleomycin, though its disease-fighting properties remain poorly understood. In a new study, lead author Basab Roy—a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute—describes bleomycin's ability to cut through double-stranded DNA in cancerous cells, like a pair of scissors. Such DNA more



Ground breaking technique offers DNA 'Sat Nav' direct to your ancestor's home 1,000 years ago

Tracing where your DNA was formed over 1,000 years ago is now possible due to a revolutionary technique developed by a team of international scientists led by experts from the University of Sheffield. more



Flash Points: Can Iraqi elections stem the tide of violence?

CBS News Homeland Security Correspondent Bob Orr talks with CBS News Senior National Security Analyst Juan Zarate about Wednesday's elections in Iraq and whether the results could help stop the sectarian violence. more

Source: CBS News


Sacramento County sued over sex offender ordinance

By (Sam Stanton) Sacramento County became the latest governmental entity Wednesday to be sued over an ordinance limiting the movements of registered sex offenders near parks and other public places, but the practical effect of the suit may be negligible. more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Flash Points: Are new U.S. sanctions on Russia tough enough?

CBS News Homeland Security Correspondent Bob Orr talks with CBS News Senior National Security Analyst Juan Zarate about the new round of U.S. sanctions targeting Russia and how they might affect the standoff in Eastern Europe. more

Source: CBS News


Famous bidders already lining up for LA Clippers

If Donald Sterling is compelled to sell the Los Angeles Clippers, the list of potential buyers will have more stars than the team's roster.

Fans hold up signs in support of the Los Angeles Clippers before Game 5 of an opening-round NBA basketball playoff series between the Clippers and the Golden more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Southern California wildfire grows to 800 acres

A Southern California wildfire that forced the evacuation of at least 1,100 homes has grown to 800 acres.

Smoke from a wildfire can bee seen in Rancho Cucamonga, Calif., Wednesday April 30, 2014. Schools and homes were evacuated Wednesday, as dry, gusty winds fanned a smoky wildfire in the foothills of more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


CEO Barra leans on small circle of GM veterans

DETROIT (Reuters) - In the midst of General Motors Co's biggest crisis since bankruptcy, new Chief Executive Mary Barra is turning to an inner circle dominated by company "lifers," believing the team is up to handling a massive recall and reinvigorating the company without much outside help, former and current more

Source: Reuters


Northern Ireland Police Question Gerry Adams Over 1972 Murder

By By REUTERS Northern Ireland police are questioning Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams over the 1972 abduction and murder of Jean McConville, his party said on Wednesday, after police said detectives investigating the case had arrested a 65-year-old man. more

Source: The New York Times


Sacramento Sheriff’s Department investigates alleged fraud at Orangevale school club

By (Loretta Kalb) The Sacramento County Sheriff's Department is investigating fraud allegations in connection with suspected misappropriation of thousands of dollars from the Parent Teacher Club at Oakview Community Elementary School in Orangevale, a spokeswoman said Wednesday.

Check out our crime blog. more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Senators Express Concern on Reverse Mortgage Rules

By By RACHEL ABRAMS Senator Charles Schumer and Senator Barbara Boxer urged the Department of Housing and Urban Development to clarify the rules around reverse mortgages, a type of loan that has increasingly saddled middle-age children with the mortgages of their parents. more

Source: The New York Times


Competition for ecological niches limits the formation of new species

The rate at which new species evolve is limited by competition for ecological niches, report scientists from the University of Chicago in Nature on April 30. The study, which analyzes the evolutionary and genetic relationships between all 461 songbird species that live in the Himalayan mountains, suggests that as ecological more



White House: Execution was not conducted humanely

By Jerry Markon, Mark Berman, Lindsey Bever As officials in Oklahoma said they would investigate the botched execution that has drawn worldwide scrutiny, the White House weighed in and said that the execution was not conducted humanely. “We have a fundamental standard in this country that even when the death penalty is justified, it must be carried more

Source: The Washington Post


Reports: Abducted girls married to Nigerian rebels

Scores of girls and young women kidnapped from a school in Nigeria are being forced to marry their Islamic extremist abductors, a civic organization reported Wednesday.

FILE - In this Monday April 21, 2014 file photo, four female students of the government secondary school Chibok, who were abducted by gunmen and more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Ex-Montana teacher to be re-sentenced in rape case

A former high school teacher who raped a 14-year-old student could be headed back to prison after the Montana Supreme Court ruled Wednesday that his original one-month sentence was too short under state sentencing laws.

FILE - In this undated file photo, District Judge G. Todd Baugh presides at a hearing more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Team uses unused iPhone energy for case lights

( —The Lunecase is a more interesting departure from the run of the mill snap-on phone case as it has the distinction of sending off glowing alerts that feed off electromagnetic radiation; the alerts are fed by the electromagnetic energy sent out by the iPhone. Electromagnetic waves from around the more



Pirates & Orioles rained out for 2nd straight day, will play single-admission DH on Thursday

The Pittsburgh Pirates and Baltimore Orioles were rained out Wednesday for the second straight day, A single-admission doubleheader was scheduled for Thursday starting at 4:05 p.m. Both teams originally had scheduled to be off Thursday. more

Source: Fox News


Capitol Alert: Jerry Brown won't answer multiple-choice voter guide questions

By (David Siders) Gov. Jerry Brown's high public approval rating and relatively safe re-election prospects have allowed the Democratic governor to run the barest of races, with no pressure to pay for advertising, to put on public events, or to otherwise take on the grind of a traditional campaign.

Gov. Jerry Brown once again more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Attorneys seek to vacate Lodi terror conviction

By (Sam Stanton and Denny Walsh) Attorneys for the Lodi-area man convicted on terrorism charges in 2006 have launched a new effort to free Hamid Hayat, filing court papers today seeking to vacate his conviction and claiming to have new evidence that shows it would have been impossible for him to have received terrorist training at more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Stiviano lawyer says she's sad over Sterling ban

V. Stiviano, the woman whom Donald Sterling was talking to when he made racist remarks, is "very saddened" by his lifetime NBA ban, and she didn't release the recording of their conversation, her lawyer said Tuesday.

In this file photo taken on Friday, Oct. 25, 2013, Los Angeles Clippers owner Donald more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Report: California tops nation in producing construction sand and gravel

By (Mark Glover) The Golden State leads the nation in construction sand and gravel, and there's golden value to be found in those materials. California's production of construction sand and gravel in 2012 – the most recent year measured in the latest report issued this week by the Sacramento-based California Geological Survey ‑ more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


SPC Tornado Watch 121 Status Reports

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Source: NOAA/NWS Storm Predicition Center


PR Stunts Can Pay Big Dividends: How WestJet and a Cowboy Author Won Our Hearts – and Our Minds Followed

By editor PR Stunts get a bad rap because many are either ill-conceived or poorly executed. But I like them and have been involved in many successful ones.
One recent PR Stunt of note paid huge dividends this past holiday season. An airline company called WestJet captured the hearts of many YouTube viewers. more

Source: San Fransico Book Rewiew


Additive stops aging in super glassy polymer membranes

( —Putting a stop to aging has now been made possible for highly porous polymer membranes whose efficiency in the separation of gases falls off fast when parts of their polymer chains rearrange, as so do their pores. In the journal Angewandte Chemie , a team of Australian and American more



Harnessing magnetic vortices for making nanoscale antennas

( —Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are seeking ways to synchronize the magnetic spins in nanoscale devices to build tiny yet more powerful signal-generating or receiving antennas and other electronics. Their latest work, published in Nature Communications, shows that stacked nanoscale magnetic vortices separated by more



New polymer can be used to map sweat droplets in fingertips for identification purposes

( —A team of researchers working at Hanyang University in Korea has developed a new type of polymer that can be used to map sweat droplets in the fingertips—possibly adding a new tool for forensics use. In their paper published in the journal Nature Communications, the team describes how they more



Clips welcome Sterling wife, look to move on

By Arash Markazi Rochelle Sterling, the estranged wife of Los Angeles Clippers owner Donald Sterling, attended the Clippers' 113-103 win over the Golden State Warriors on Tuesday night after asking Doc Rivers whether he would be fine with her attending. more

Source: ESPN


Man dies of heart attack after botched execution

Oklahoma prison officials halted an inmate's execution after a new drug combination left the man writhing and clenching his teeth on the gurney. He later died of a heart attack.

Fannie Bates of Oklahoma City holds a sign urging Gov. Mary Fallin to issue a stay in the execution of two more

Source: The Sacramento Bee


Energizer to Split in Two

By By MICHAEL J. DE LA MERCED Energizer said that it plans to split itself into two publicly traded companies: one for household products like Energizer batteries, the other for personal care products like Schick razors and Hawaiian Tropic sunscreen. more

Source: The New York Times


Space-based crop monitoring a key to food security

( —To face the challenges of climate change, and human impact, world food production needs to double by 2050 making accurate and reliable estimates of agricultural productivity – measured as global gross primary productivity (GPP) – a global priority. more



Understanding mudslides and other debris flows through mathematics

( —Mudslides. Landslides. Volcanic debris flows. Avalanches. Falling rocks. They can come along so suddenly that people, homes, roads and even towns are buried or destroyed without much warning. Recently, we've had dramatic reminders of this, such as the mudslide in Oso, Wash., where 41 people died; an avalanche on more



Field study shows glassfrog embryos hatch early if not well cared for by parent

( —A trio of researchers has found that glassfrogs (Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni) tend to hatch early if their male parent doesn't keep them hydrated. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, the team describes how they studied glassfrogs in the wild and what happened when more



Abnormally Rapid Heartbeats May Be Present at Birth (Video)

By The Beating Edge Team The heart's electrical system conducts electrical impulses between the upper and lower chamber to keep the heart beating regularly and pump blood through our bodies. However, as with any electrical system, sometimes things don't work exactly as they should. Occasionally a pathway that isn't normally there is formed, which basically more

Source: The Cleveland Clinic


New material for flat semiconductors

Researchers around the world have been working to harness the unusual properties of graphene, a two-dimensional sheet of carbon atoms. But graphene lacks one important characteristic that would make it even more useful: a property called a bandgap, which is essential for making devices such as computer chips and solar more



'PLAYING POLITICS?' Midterms eyed in delay of EPA climate change rule

By SEN. JAMES INHOFE, R-Okla., says the EPA may have delayed issuing a regulation limiting carbon emissions from new power plants so the rule would not be finalized until after the midterms. Supreme Court rules EPA power plant rule can take effect Kentucky coal group more

Source: Fox News


Predators predict longevity of birds

( —Ageing inevitably occurs both in humans and in other animals. However, life-span varies widely across species. Researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Seewiesen have now found a possible general mechanism explaining differences in longevity. They investigated life history data of nearly 1400 bird species and found more



Ancient Egyptians transported pyramid stones over wet sand

Physicists from the FOM Foundation and the University of Amsterdam have discovered that the ancient Egyptians used a clever trick to make it easier to transport heavy pyramid stones by sledge. The Egyptians moistened the sand over which the sledge moved. By using the right quantity of water they could more



Cascade solar concentrator greatly reduces solar cell footprint

( —Solar cells are often made of expensive materials, which is why much research is focused on finding cheaper materials in order to reduce the overall cost of solar energy. Another way around this problem is to use solar concentrators—cheaper light-absorbing materials that cover a large area, which absorb, redirect more



Chronic Sore Throat Have You Missing Work?

By Family Health Team If you think you are too old to need a tonsillectomy, think again. Many adults get them, and new research says they are relatively safe.
A recent study from Yale University found that adults who had tonsillectomies had low complication and mortality rates – similar to those of children.
However, in their more

Source: The Cleveland Clinic